General information about Pt100 temperature sensors
A Pt100 resistance thermometer is an electrical temperature sensor based on the change in electrical
resistance of the Pt100 platinum resistor. It consists of a platinum resistive element with a nominal
resistance of 100 ohms at 0°C, housed in a protective case.
When the Pt100 resistance thermometer is subjected to a temperature change, the electrical resistance of the platinum resistance element changes according to the temperature change. The Pt100 resistor is supplied with a constant current and the voltage drop produced by the change in resistance is measured and converted to a temperature.
Pt100 resistance thermometers are very accurate and can be used in a wide temperature range. They are often used in industrial and laboratory equipment to measure temperature in processes and experiments. There are also special Pt100 resistance thermometers designed for use in aerospace or medical applications. The advantage of using a resistance thermometer is that there are no moving parts, making it very reliable. However, it is important to calibrate the resistance thermometer regularly to ensure the accuracy of the measurement.
- Linear resistance values and thus simple evaluation
- High accuracy and repeatability
- Long-term stability
- Interchangeability due to standardized resistance characteristic curve
History of the Pt100
In the 1920s, industry began using Pt100 sensors. Swiss physicist Willy Jentzsch developed the
first Pt100 sensor in 1927, which consisted of a platinum resistive element with a Nominal resistance of
100 ohms at 0°C. This sensor was very accurate and could be used in a wide temperature range. temperature
In the years that followed, scientists and engineers continued to improve Pt100 sensors to increase their accuracy and reliability. In the 1950s, Pt100 sensors became widely used, especially in the chemical industry and laboratory.
In the 1960s, Pt100 sensors were also used in aerospace applications. Today, Pt100 sensors are widely used in many different industries and applications. They are used in industry to monitor and control temperature in processes, and in medicine to measure body temperature. Pt100 sensors can also be found in the automotive industry, food industry and many other fields. The continuous development of Pt100 sensors leads to more and more accurate and reliable measurements.